Paul Cézanne. Self-portrait. 1875.
From Jeffrey Meyers’ Impressionist Quartet (p. 168):
The Impressionists had social as well as artistic differences, and the less well off were more Bohemian. Though Paul Cézanne came from a prosperous family in Aix, he adopted a defiant pose, exaggerated his southern accent, and wore a battered old hat, blue worker’s overalls and a coarse coat spattered with brush marks. Approaching Manet in the Café Guerbois, he’d aggressively explain: “I am not offering you my hand, M. Manet, I haven’t washed for a week.” Cézanne’s refusal to extend his dirty hand could have been a deferential gesture to the elegant Manet or, more likely, a self-conscious mockery of his dandyism. Though Degas felt democratic solidarity with dancers and workers, he was alienated from some of his fellow artists. He asked the well-born Gustave Caillebotte, when referring to Monet and Renoir: “Do you invite those people to your house?”